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Eardrum Perforation
Diyos Hospital / Our Services / Eardrum Perforation
Eardrum perforation, also known as a tympanic membrane perforation, is a condition where there is a hole or tear in the thin membrane that separates the external ear canal from the middle ear. The eardrum, or tympanic membrane, plays a crucial role in hearing by transmitting sound vibrations from the external ear to the middle ear.
Causes of eardrum perforation include:
Infections: Middle ear infections (otitis media) can lead to the accumulation of fluid and pressure, causing the eardrum to rupture. This is a common cause of perforations.
Trauma: Injury to the ear, such as a direct blow, insertion of objects into the ear canal (e.g., cotton swabs), or exposure to loud noises, can result in a perforated eardrum.
Changes in pressure: Rapid changes in air pressure, such as those experienced during scuba diving, flying, or explosions, can cause the eardrum to rupture.
Foreign objects: Inserting sharp objects into the ear canal, like hairpins or cotton swabs, can accidentally perforate the eardrum.
Symptoms of eardrum perforation may include:
Ear pain or discomfort: This may occur at the time of injury or infection.
Hearing loss: A perforated eardrum can affect hearing, depending on the size and location of the hole.
Ear drainage: Fluid or pus may leak from the ear, especially if the perforation is associated with an infection.
Tinnitus (ringing in the ears): Some people may experience a persistent ringing or buzzing sound in the affected ear.
Treatment for eardrum perforation depends on the cause and severity of the condition. In many cases, the perforation may heal on its own. However, medical intervention may be required for persistent or severe cases. Treatment options may include:
Antibiotics: If the perforation is due to an infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the underlying cause.
Pain management: Over-the-counter pain relievers may be recommended to alleviate discomfort.
Protective measures: Avoiding water exposure to the ear and protecting the ear from further trauma can aid in the healing process.
Surgical intervention: In some cases, especially if the perforation is large or does not heal on its own, surgical procedures such as tympanoplasty may be considered to repair the eardrum.
It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional, typically an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist, for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of eardrum perforation.
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