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Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Surgery
Diyos Hospital / Our Services / Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Surgery
Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital conditions where there is an opening or gap in the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth (palate) due to incomplete development during early pregnancy. These conditions can affect a person’s appearance, speech, hearing, and overall oral health. Surgical intervention is typically required to correct these abnormalities.
Cleft Lip Surgery:
*1. Timing: Cleft lip repair is usually performed when the baby is around 3 to 6 months old, depending on the child’s overall health.
*2. Procedure: The surgery involves closing the gap in the upper lip. The surgeon makes incisions on both sides of the cleft and then brings the tissues together to create a more normal appearance. The goal is to improve the function and aesthetics of the lip.
*3. Scar management: While modern techniques aim to minimize scarring, some visible scarring may remain. However, scars often fade over time.
Cleft Palate Surgery:
*1. Timing: Cleft palate repair is typically performed when the child is between 9 and 18 months old.
*2. Procedure: The surgery involves closing the gap in the roof of the mouth. The surgeon uses tissue from the surrounding area to cover the cleft, reconstructing the palate. This helps improve feeding, speech development, and prevent issues like ear infections.
*3. Follow-up procedures: In some cases, additional surgeries may be needed as the child grows to address issues with speech or improve the appearance of the lip and nose.
Multidisciplinary Approach:
*1. Team involvement: Cleft lip and palate treatment often involve a multidisciplinary team, including plastic surgeons, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, speech therapists, orthodontists, and otolaryngologists.
*2. Speech therapy: Children born with cleft lip and palate may require speech therapy to address any speech difficulties that may arise due to the condition.
*3. Orthodontic care: Orthodontic treatment is often needed to address dental and jaw alignment issues as the child grows.
*4. Long-term care: Children with cleft lip and palate may require ongoing care throughout childhood and adolescence to monitor growth, development, and address any issues that may arise.
It’s essential for parents to work closely with healthcare professionals to create an individualized treatment plan tailored to the child’s specific needs. Early intervention and a comprehensive approach can significantly improve outcomes for individuals with cleft lip and palate.
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