Urology & Andrology
Doctors studied the colour, odour, and texture of urine often in ancient times. They also
examined for symptoms of disease such as bubbles, blood, and other signs of illness.
The health of the urinary system is now the focus of an entire branch of medicine which is
named Urology. Here's an overview of what urologists perform and when you should seek
treatment from one.
What is the role of a urologist?
Urologists detect and treat urinary tract illnesses in both men and women. They can also
diagnose and treat everything that has to do with a man's reproductive system.
They may do surgery in some instances. They may, for example, remove tumours or clear
an obstruction in the urinary tract. Urologists work at hospitals, private clinics, and urology
centres, among other places.
● The urinary tract is the body's system for producing, storing, and removing urine.
Urologists can work on any component of the urinary tract. This includes the
● Your kidneys, which are the organs that filter waste from the blood in order to create
● Your ureters, which are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
● Your bladder, which is a hollow sac that holds pee.
● Your urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
● Your Adrenal glands, which are hormone-producing glands positioned on the top of
Urologists deal with the entire male reproductive system. This system is made up of the
● Your penis, which is the organ that excretes pee and transports sperm from the body.
● Your prostate gland,which is located behind the bladder, mixes fluid to sperm to
● Your testicles, which are two oval organs inside the scrotum that generate sperm and
manufacture the hormone testosterone.
What exactly is urology?
Urology is a branch of medicine that focuses on urinary system and male reproductive tract
problems. Some urologists specialise in urinary tract illnesses in general. Others specialize
in a particular form of urology, such as:
● Female urology, which is a branch of urology that focuses on problems with a
woman's reproductive and urinary systems.
● Male infertility, which is a term that refers to issues that prohibit a guy from having a
child with his partner.
● Paediatric urology, which focuses on urine difficulties in children
● Neurourology, which focuses on urinary problems owing to nervous system
● Urologic oncology, which is a branch of oncology that focuses on tumours of the
urinary tract, such as bladder, kidney, prostate, and testicles.
What are some of the disorders that Urologists at Diyos Hospital treat?
Urologists deal with a wide range of issues affecting the urinary system and male
Urologists address the following conditions in men:
● Bladder, kidney, penis, testicles, adrenal, and prostate gland cancers
● Enlargement of the prostate gland
● erectile dysfunction, or difficulty obtaining or maintaining an erection, is a cause of
● Interstitial cystitis, often known as painful bladder syndrome
● kidney problems
● Kidney Stones
● Prostatitis, a condition in which the prostate gland is inflamed
● Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
● Varicoceles, or scrotal varicoceles, are swollen veins in the scrotum
Urologists address the following conditions in women:
● The dropping of the bladder into the vagina known as bladder prolapse
● Bladder, kidney, and adrenal gland cancers
● Interstitial cystitis
● Kidney stones
● Bladder that is hyperactive
● Urinary incontinence in women
● Urologists address the following conditions in children:
● Obstructions and other structural issues with the urinary tract
● Testicles that haven't descended
What Procedures are done by Urologists at Diyos Hospital?
When you visit a urologist, they'll do one or more of the following tests to determine your
● They can see within your urinary system with imaging tests like a CT scan, MRI scan,
● They can perform a cystogram, which is an X-ray examination of your bladder.
● A cystoscopy can be performed by your urologist. This entails seeing inside your
urethra and bladder with a narrow scope called a cystoscope.
● A post-void residual urine test can be used to determine how quickly pee leaves your
body during urination. It also indicates how much urine remains in your bladder after
you have urinated.
● They can test your urine for microorganisms that cause infections using a sample of
● Urodynamic testing can be used to determine the pressure and volume inside your
Urologists are also trained to undertake a variety of surgical procedures. This could include
● Bladder biopsies, kidney biopsies, and prostate biopsies
● Extracorporeal shock is treated with a cystectomy, which entails removing the
● Wave lithotripsy, which entails breaking up kidney stones to make them easier to
● A kidney transplant, in which a damaged kidney is replaced with a healthy one; a
surgery to clear a blockage
● A procedure for repairing damage caused by an injury
● A procedure for repairing poorly developed urinary organs
● Prostate cancer is treated with a prostatectomy, which involves the removal of all or
part of the prostate gland.
● A sling operation, in which strips of mesh are used to support and cover the urethra
to treat urine incontinence
● A transurethral prostate resection, which includes removing extra tissue from an
enlarged prostate through the urethra.
● A transurethral prostate needle ablation, which includes removing extra tissue from
an enlarged prostate through the urethra.
● A ureteroscopy is a procedure that involves inserting a scope into the ureter and
removing stones from the kidneys and ureter.
● A vasectomy is a procedure that involves cutting and tying the vas deferens, or the
tube through which sperm travel to create semen, to prevent pregnancy.
When should you make an appointment with a Urologist at Diyos?
Minor urinary disorders, such as a UTI, can be treated by your general care physician. If
your symptoms don't improve or if you have a problem that requires therapy that your
primary care doctor can't provide, you may be sent to a urologist.
For certain situations, you may need to see both a urologist and another expert. A guy with
prostate cancer, for example, can see both an oncologist and a urologist.
So what were the signs that it is indeed time to see a urologist? If you have any of these
symptoms, you may have a urinary tract problem:
● Urine with blood in it
● A need to urinate frequently or urgently
● Pain in your lower back, pelvic, or sides
● Urination discomfort or burning difficulty urinating
● Urine leaking
● Dribbling urine, weak urine flow
If you're a man and you're having these symptoms, you should consult a urologist:
● A lack of sexual desire
● A lump in the testicles difficulty obtaining or maintaining an erection
Have any Urological issues? Visit the best Urologists at Diyos Hospital today at our
Delhi hospital. Call our experts or Book an Appointment at +91 9910 12 0836
Dr. R. L. Nayak
Dr. G. S. Kochar
(Dept. of Urology)