Best Mouth Cancer Treatment Hospital in Delhi Ncr

Mouth Cancer

Mouth cancer often known as Oral Cancer refers to cancer that occurs in any part of the mouth be it be it tongue surface, inner cheeks surface, palate, gums or lips. Though the cause of the disease is unknown, certain modifiable behaviours such as smoking and drinking alcohol could be risk factors. Lack of dental hygiene, malnutrition, certain chronic illnesses, radiation exposure, and mismatched dentures are all possible contributing factors.

Types Of Mouth Cancer

  •  Squamous cell carcinoma : It is the most frequent type of oral cancer, accounting for nine out of every ten occurrences. Squamous cells can be found in a variety of locations on the body, including the mouth and skin.
  •  Sarcomas : They develop as a result of abnormalities in the bone, muscle, cartilage, or other tissues of the body.
  •  Adenocarcinomas : These are cancer that start in the salivary glands and spread throughout the body.
  •  Lymphomas : They develop from cells found in the lymph glands, but they can also develop in the mouth.
  •  Oral malignant melanomas : Melanocytes, the cells that produce skin colour, are where the cancer begins. They appear as black, mottled swellings that frequently bleed.

Causes That Lead To Mouth Cancer

  •  Smoking
  •  Alcohol
  •  Chewing tobacco or betel quid
  •  Human papilloma virus (HPV)
  •  Weak immunity system
  •  Family history
  •  Previous cancer
  •  Genetic conditions

Symptoms

  •  Red or white patches inside your mouth\
  •  Mixed white and red patches\
  •  Sores on tongue
  •  Difficulty or pain when swallowing
  •  Persistent earache
  •  Numbness or bleeding in the mouth
  •  Mouth ulcers that persist for several months
  •  A lump in any part of the mouth that does not heal
  •  A profound looseness found in the teeth or sockets with no plausible reason
  •  The problem in speaking or changes in the voice

Mouth Cancer Stages

Based on the size and spread of a malignant tumour, oral cancer is divided into four groups.

  •  STAGE 1 : The tumour in this case is little more than 2 centimetres in diameter. It hasn't yet infiltrated lymph nodes, thus its spread is limited.
  •  STAGE 2 : The tumour grows in size and can reach a diameter of 4 cm. Because lymph nodes have not yet been infected, the effect is limited to the site of infection.
  •  STAGE 3 : Two possibilities are presented in this stage. One, the tumour has grown to be larger than 4 centimetres in diameter and has infected a single lymph node on the side from where it emerged. Two, the lymph node has a tumour that is smaller than one inch in diameter.
  •  STAGE 4 (A) : In the terminal stages of oral cancer, the possibilities vary. Although the tumour has intruded into neighbouring tissues, no lymph nodes have been infected. The tumour has spread to the lymph nodes on both sides of the neck.
  •  STAGE 4 (B & C) : The tumour has grown uncontrollably in size and spread to one or more lymph nodes on the side where it originated. A dangerous tumour has spread to distant locations.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will undertake a physical examination of your mouth to discover any indications or symptoms of mouth cancer in your family.

Aside from the physical examination, there are a few other tests to consider:

  •  X-rays are used to see if cancer cells have progressed to the jaw, lungs, or chest.
  •  A CT scan is used to detect tumours in the mouth, neck, throat, lungs, or other regions of the body.
  •  PET scan to see if cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other regions of the body.
  •  MRI is used to examine the exact image of the head and neck in order to determine the stage of malignancy.
  •  Endoscopy is used to examine for abnormal cell growth in the sinuses, nasal passageways, windpipe, inner throat, and trachea.

Treatment

The treatments for mouth cancer are determined by the cancer's stage and grade, as well as your overall health. Your expert doctor or nurse will explain the best treatment option for you as well as any potential adverse effects.

Surgery

It's used to get rid of malignant tumours and lymph nodes in the mouth and neck. Following the removal of the cancer, your surgeon will prescribe reconstructive surgery to rebuild your mouth, which will allow you to eat and speak again. To reconstruct your mouth, your surgeon may use skin, muscle, or bone transplants from other parts of the body.

Radiation Therapy

It kills cancer cells using high-energy beams such as X-rays and protons. External beam radiation is a type of radiation therapy that is given from a machine outside the body. It can also arise from brachytherapy, which involves the placement of radioactive seeds and wires near the malignancy.

Chemotherapy

This is a chemotherapy treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy medications can be used alone, in combination with other chemotherapy agents, or in addition to other cancer treatments. It will be more effective when paired with radiation therapy.

Targeted Therapy

The targeted therapy works by modifying the precise characteristics of cancer cells that feed their growth. It works by changing the precise characteristics of cancer cells that drive their proliferation in order to treat oral cancer.

It can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Clinical trials are already underway for various targeted medications, including immunotherapy, which targets the immune system.

At Diyos Hospital, we offer the best treatment for mouth cancer by the world's renowned Oncologists. Surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, etc are all available at Diyos Hospital in Delhi NCR, India to treat mouth cancer. For better patient outcomes, a combination of two or more modalities is also used. Surgery is usually performed to remove cancer from the mouth or neck and reconstruct the face.

You can book an appointment with our oncologist gynacologist here.