COVID-19 and Bone Health: What is the connection?

  • 05-11-2021
COVID-19 and Bone Health: What is the connection?

The pandemic has hit all of us unexpectedly when we weren’t even ready for anything of this sort. It has led to a dramatic loss of human life worldwide and presents an unprecedented challenge to public health. The nationwide lockdown was declared to prevent the spread of the virus, everything was shut for almost more than a year; people were unable to leave their homes or go to the gym for regular workouts. This resulted in all of us becoming couch potatoes. People began to experience bone problems and severe pain in their joints as a result of their inability to move.

Human bones are composed of bone cells, calcium, and connective tissues, and as components of our skeletons, they provide structure to our bodies while allowing them to perform a variety of physical functions. As a result, when our bones begin to deteriorate, it impairs our mobility and posture.


Let’s discuss how 
COVID-19 impacted bone health in various ways:

Physical Inactivity

It is common knowledge that physical activity helps maintain bone mass. Physical inactivity is a major cause of bone loss. Reduced physical activity due to the COVID-19 pandemic has affected bone health in patients with osteoporosis. Additionally, severe COVID-19 infection can also result in bone and muscle loss as an indirect side effect.

Vitamin D Deficiency

Having to stay confined at home also impacted bone metabolism. Vitamin D deficiency causes a variety of bone diseases, including osteoporosis, which can be extremely painful. Many people who had been maintaining a healthy weight before COVID-19, gained weight unexpectedly as a result of a lack of exercise and an imbalanced diet. This sudden weight gain puts pressure on the joints, making them more prone to degeneration.

Vitamin D Deficiency

Having to stay confined at home also impacted bone metabolism. Vitamin D deficiency causes a variety of bone diseases, including osteoporosis, which can be extremely painful. Many people who had been maintaining a healthy weight before COVID-19, gained weight unexpectedly as a result of a lack of exercise and an imbalanced diet. This sudden weight gain puts pressure on the joints, making them more prone to degeneration.

Bed Rest

Being on bed rest for a long period of time, due to an illness or recovery from a surgery or any other complications, can impact the entire body system including the musculoskeletal system. Immobilisation can cause bone deterioration and muscle atrophy. Steroids used during COVID-19 treatment have been shown to have a significant direct effect on bone health.

Muscle strength can be affected by just a few weeks of bed rest. According to studies, people lose half of their strength if they are on bed rest for more than three weeks. During this time, bones may begin to lose minerals due to a condition known as disuse osteoporosis. Ignorance and a lack of follow-up with your doctor have a direct impact on the continuity of care, which is a critical component of successful osteoporosis management. Osteoporosis is similar to hypertension in some ways as patients typically do not feel any symptoms, which is often why patients discontinue the medications after a few months before discontinuing them, either because the medications are inaccessible or because they are not feeling the effects of the disease. It’s very important to strictly follow whatever has been prescribed by doctors to get recovery on time.

Diyos hospital, the best super speciality hospital in Delhi NCR is well equipped with renowned Orthopaedics helping you keep your bone health in check, making them healthy and strong.

Final Words

The pandemic has affected us in many ways, but now is the time to recover from it and stay safe, stay healthy and ensure that our ‘new normal’ is a better and a healthy one.