Best Cervical Cancer Treatment Hospital in Delhi Ncr
Cervical cancer is a form of cancer that begins in the cervix and spreads throughout the body. The cervix is a hollow cylinder that connects a woman's uterus to her vaginal canal. The majority of cervical cancers start in cells on the cervix's surface.
It is most common in women between the ages of 35 and 44. However, women over 65 account for more than 15% of new cases, particularly those who haven't had routine screenings.
The most common cause of cervical cancer is infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be prevented with a vaccine.
Types of Cervical Cancer
- Squamous cell carcinoma : is a type of cancer that affects the skin. This develops in the cervix's lining. It can be discovered in up to 90% of instances.
- Adenocarcinoma : This occurs in the mucus-producing cells.
- Mixed carcinoma : This has characteristics of the other two categories.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
The sexually transmitted human papillomavirus is responsible for the majority of cervical cancer cases (HPV). The virus that causes genital warts is the same one that causes this. There are over 100 distinct HPV strains. Cervical cancer is caused by only a few varieties. HPV-16 and HPV-18 are the two most frequent kinds that cause cancer.
Risk Factors associated with Cervical Cancer
You might be at higher risk of cervical cancer if you:
- Had sex before the age of 16 or within a year of the start of your period
- Have a variety of sexual partners
- Take birth control pills, especially if you've been on them for more than 5 years.
- Have a compromised immune system
- Have you been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD)
Cervical cancer symptoms may not appear until it is advanced. They may include the following:
- Pain when having sex
- Unusual vaginal bleeding, such as after sex, between periods, after menopause, or after a pelvic exam
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain
- Swollen legs
- Trouble peeing
Cervical Cancer Diagnosis
Broader adoption of the Papanicolaou test (Pap smear) and high-risk HPV testing is the most significant advancement in cervical cancer screening. A Pap smear is a test that is performed as part of a woman's regular pelvic exam. Your doctor extracts cells from the surface of your cervix, which are examined under a microscope by a technician. Your doctor will remove a small amount of cervical tissue in a technique called a cervical biopsy if they notice anything unusual.
Cervical Cancer Treatment
High-energy rays are used in radiation therapy (or radiotherapy) to harm cancer cells and inhibit their growth. Radiation, like surgery, only affects cancer cells in the treated area. Your therapies could be external, internal, or a combination of both.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses strong chemicals to kill cancer cells. Cervical cancer that is locally progressed or has spread to other parts of the body is commonly treated with it.
Chemotherapy is delivered in cycles of severe treatment and recovery. The majority of patients receive it as an outpatient (at a hospital's outpatient clinic, a doctor's office, or at home).
Biological Therapy or Immunotherapy
Biological therapy or immunotherapy works by turning on or off checkpoints in your immune cells that trigger an immunological response. Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) is a drug that inhibits a protein on the surface of cells, causing tumours to shrink or develop more slowly.
If chemo isn't working or the cancer has spread, doctors will use it. Every three weeks, you'll get it through a vein (intravenous, or IV).
At Diyos Hospital, we offer the best treatment for Cervical cancer by the world's renowned Oncologists. Book your appointment to treat your cervical cancer at the earliest.